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המכון לחקר הפרופסיות The Institute for the Study of the Professions

“The Peres Academic Center serves as a natural home for a Profession Research Institute, due to disciplines studied in it, which are tightly connected to or tangential to the various professions: Medicine, Law, Psychology, Organizational Consulting and more.”

The sociological term ‘Profession’ has been given many and varied definitions, although it has not yet been given a Hebrew equivalent. Similarly, the task of understanding and deciphering the term and the structure of professions becomes complicated and complex, and requires a multidisciplinary examination, dealing with the sociological, ethical, regulatory and historical characteristics as well as a deep understanding of the field of practice of each profession.

This field of researching the concept of profession is of great interest in the world, including in Israeli academia. Against the background of its theoretical and practical importance, it was decided to establish the research institute, at the center of which is the study of profession, out of affinity for sociological, legal, ethical, historical and comparative research

The institute deals with all occupations that are considered ‘professions’, or that seek to define themselves as such. In particular, the institute will promote interdisciplinary research, focusing on four key aspects (including their combination):

  • Law and Regulation with regard to Professions
  • Women, gender and feminism in Professions
  • Professional Ethics
  • History of Professions and their evolvement

המכון לחקר הפרופסיות

Prof. Eyal Katvan

Institute Chairman

Lecturer in the Faculty of Law at Peres Academic Center

The institute is headed by Prof. Eyal Katvan, jurist, bioethicist and historian of medicine and law. He has written two doctoral dissertations, one in the field of bioethics and the other in the field of medical history. Specializes in the study of the medical and legal professions. In his research he focuses on examinations (medical, physical and mental) as a social phenomenon; on women in medical and legal professions; on regulation of the medical and legal professions; on the historical, ethical and legal aspects of organ transplants; and on the concept of honor, including professional honor. Dozens of Dr. Katvan’s studies are published in leading journals in the fields of law, medicine and history. He has served as a visiting researcher at leading research institutes and universities. He has won a number of prestigious research grants, scholarships and awards for his research work. Headed the Public Committee for the Examination of Age as a Criterion in Organ Transplants. Member of the Steering Committee of the National Transplant Center; Member of the Supreme Helsinki Committee (Genetics). Headed the Forum for Regulating Procedures for Organ Donors. Served as a public representative on an Institutional Ethics Committee under the Patient Rights Act; on an Institutional Committee for Animal Transplants by Virtue of the Law; on an Institutional Committee under the Dying Patient Act; and on the Committee for the Regulation of Experiments on Humans (Institutional Helsinki Committee). Member of the Bar Association since 1998.

A steering committee and an advisory committee will operate alongside the head of the institute, whose composition will be determined at a later date.

פרופ' אייל כתבן - יו

The Institute activities

This exhibition is the third in a series of exhibitions of the Professions Research Institute in the Peres Academic Center.

Through documents and historic exhibits, this exhibition focuses on the professional group of judges who operate in the framework of different judicial tribunals.

The exhibit includes documents and certificates of famous historical judgements; the procedure that was customary in the courts; about judges, courts of law, rulings, and about court and tribunal files in the various instances during the Mandate Period.


The Law and Society Association conference 2022 – Is good health the most important thing? Law, Society, Employment, Education and Culture in an absence of certainty period.

The Peres Academic Center and the Profession Research Institute hosted this year (2022) the annual Conference of the Israel Law and Society Association, which centered on ” Is good health the most important thing? Law, Society, Employment, Education and Culture in an absence of certainty period”

Dozens of lectures, more than one hundred exhibitors, 6 parallel sessions, special panels session and a festive plenum session to summarize the conference, and in respect of the past presidents of the Israel Law and Society Association.

The Conference site

The Conference Program

Pictures from the Conference


Upon the opening of the 5782-school year, the Institute for Profession Research at the Peres Academic Center launches a revolving exhibition. This exhibition is the first in a series of exhibitions by the Institute for Profession Research at the Peres Academic Center. Through documents and historical exhibits, the exhibition focuses on the course of training for attorneys during the Mandate period until shortly after the Establishment of the State.

During those days, students studied Law abroad or in one of the two Law Schools in Israel: The College for Economy and Law in Tel Aviv, and the Mandatory Law School in Jerusalem (“law Studies”/Law Classes”). Graduates of Law studies abroad (including attorneys) were required to pass foreign attorneys examinations in Israel. Only after this, they were granted the desired license. Graduates of the schools in Israel did not have to pass additional exams but to meet the customary threshold conditions (such as minimal age, training period and more). For each of those groups is dedicated an exhibit in the exhibition.

The occupations of attorneys during the Mandate period were not different from their current parallels. Technology may have changed, but the core of the occupation remained the same, and even some of the laws remained. Also, the attorneys struggle, the professionals, are remarkably similar: attempts to repulse the profession’s trespassers; arguments regarding “the profession’s flooding”; issues on attorneys’ fees and more. However, there is still one difference, some of the attorneys before the establishment of the State struggled with the Mandate authorities with legal means. Hints to this activity can be found in some of the documents in the exhibition. Two displays therefore deal with the engagements of attorneys before the State’s establishment and shortly after it.

The exhibition is in the auditorium’s lobby, Building B, the Peres Academic Center.

Pictures from the exhibition

The Profession Research Institute hosted the Israeli Company for the History of Nursing in a joint conference; “nursing, documentation, and epidemics – on Profession and History.” During the conference were presented a variety of research dealing with documentation and importance of history of the nursing and those engaged in nursing, documentation.

The conference program

Online abstracts book for the joint conference on nursing, documentation and epidemics on Profession and History

Pictures from the exhibition

Medical exams, physical and mental, are very present in our daily life. Beginning with routine examinations, employment examinations, examinations to explore corporal and mental damages, examinations before enlisting, examinations for forensic needs, examinations for newcomers and immigrants.

In fact, various tests serve even before a human is born and until after his death. On the vital role of the will attest their broad use during epidemics; the various examinations for spotting the virus are considered as one of the central tools for treating the crisis and return to routine. The medical profession and the professionals in the fields of medicine and health occupy a place of honor in this respect. Most tests are conducted at the request or demand of those engaged in medicine or are conducted by examiners belonging to the various branches of medicine and health.

Each test in any of these contexts has a role – such as the prevention of contagious diseases, contractual risk examination by insurers, identification of criminals, securing the abilities of participants in certain activities, and more. Some of the reasons for conducting the tests are medical, others financial, some result from the need to manage risks for the test requester. All of those raise heavy weight ethical and legal questions. Balancing questions, the dual loyalty of the examining physician, medical confidentiality, and more. And indeed, the Law and Ethics occupy a vital role in the regulation of the various tests. However, in deeper layers, the tests have complex roles – intentional and unintentional. Michel Foucault, and many after him and following him identified the tests and medical diagnosis as normalizing tools, means of social control etc. Therefore, the use of examinations raises complex issues requiring review and clarification. This is also the purpose of the research group on the subject.

The Profession Research Institution asks to establish a research group that will engage in those issues and questions with an emphasis on associations and mutuality between medicine (representing, creating, or enabling the diagnostic practices) and between the Law and Ethics (as regulators or avoiding from regulating and dealing with those practices). The group’s purpose is to raise, discuss, and clarify issues related to diagnostic practices from different points of view – social, gender, historical, legal, literary, and more.

The research group will hold monthly or bi-weekly meetings, starting in December 2021 and until June 2022, by Zoom, during which will be presented research (in various stages) by the group members. Researchers from all the disciplines who are engaged or wish to become engaged in those research issues, are invited to send a short biography (up to 1 page) and a subject proposal (up to 350 words), until the date 28.11.2021, to the attention of Prof. Eyal Katvan, by email [email protected]

*Opening the research group is subject to a minimal number of participants/presenters. If there will be a great response to the group meetings during the coming year, a conference will be considered simultaneously with the group meetings. The possibility of a joint publication will be considered should there be an appropriate response and a suitable stage.

Dates list – research group meetings

“Call for Proposals” – Examinations

בשלבי התקופה העות’מאנית ובימי המנדט הבריטי על ארץ-ישראל, החלו נשים להשתלב בפרופסיות השונות: רפואה, משפט, סיעוד, אדריכלות, ראיית חשבון ועוד. בחלק מאותן פרופסיות היה על הראשונות להילחם על “כרטיס הכניסה”. קרי, על הזכות לשמש פרופסיונלית באותו תחום עיסוק. כך, רוזה גינצברג ניהלה מאבק ממושך על הזכות לשמש עורכת דין. עדה גלר על זכותה לשמש רואת חשבון.

תערוכה זו פותחת צוהר, באמצעות מסמכים, ספרים וחפצים, לעולמן של אותן ראשונות. לתרומתן הרבה לעיצוב אותן פרופסיות. לנחישותן וללמדנותן.

במיוחד, עולה מבין מוצגי התערוכה, כי אותן נשים עסקו בפעילות התנדבותית בארגוני נשים. פעילות זו נועדה למען הציבור הרחב, למען נשים אחרות, ובכלל זה נשות הפרופסיות.

ללא ספק – הראשונות סללו את הדרך לבאות אחריהן. תערוכה זו היא אות הערכה והוקרה לפועלן.   

תמונות מהתערוכה


The Peres Academic Center (and the Profession Research Institute) are proud to host the Annual Conference of the Israeli Law and Society Association, which will take place at the Peres Academic Center in Rehovot on Thursday, 3 Sivan 5782, 2nd of June 2022. The conference subject: ” Is good health the most important thing? Law, Society, Employment, Education and Culture in an absence of certainty reality.” Researchers from all fields of knowledge, and in all stages of research are invited to submit proposals for sessions and individual lectures. Last date for the presentation of proposals; 31.03.2022.

The steering committee for the Annual Conference of the Israeli Law and Society Association, 2022.

“Call for Proposals” – Law and Society 2022

The Profession Research Institute at the Peres Academic Center hosts the International Women’s Day events with a lecture about women struggle right to serve as attorneys in the Land of Israel. In the framework of the Event, the exhibition “Being a Professional Woman” was inaugurated.

The invitation to the conference

Pictures from the Women’s Day events

The Peres Academic Center and the Profession Research Institute are pleased on the signature of cooperation agreement between the Peres Academic Center (The Profession Research Institute, headed by Prof. Eyal Katvan) and the veteran journal “Medicine and Law.” Under this agreement the Center will provide academic sponsorship for the Journal and assist in its development. Following its name, the Journal deals with the mutuality between the worlds of Law and Medicine.

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When sending this form, I confirm the receipt of information about the lectures, updates, publications, benefits, and degrees from the Peres Academic Center via e-mails and/or text messages and/or by phone conversations. You can remove your details from the mailing list and/or the marketing promotion list, through a conversation, at any time.